Medea is an ancient Greek tragedy written by Euripides, based upon the myth of Jason and Medea and first produced in 431 BC. The plot centers on the barbarian protagonist as she finds her position in the Greek world threatened, and the revenge she takes against her husband Jason, who has betrayed her for another woman, by killing her own children.
Euripides was one of the three great tragedians of classical Athens. He is identified with theatrical innovations that have profoundly influenced drama down to modern times, especially in the representation of traditional, mythical heroes as ordinary people in extraordinary circumstances. He was also unique among the writers of ancient Athens for the sympathy he demonstrated towards all victims of society, including women.